Trade generates dynamic economic gains through increasing competition and the transfer of technology, knowledge and innovation. Market opening has been identified as a key factor in trade and investment between developing and industrialized countries, enabling the transfer of technologies leading to industrialization and development and contributing to the achievement of SDG 9. IN 2016, UN members adopted the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, which includes the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These SDGs reflect the understanding that development is closely linked to economic growth, social well-being and environmental sustainability, and that the SDGs provide the world with the most effective and flexible way to address conflict, human rights, poverty and inequality, as well as climate change and environmental degradation. As part of the Doha Development Agenda, the regular committee is also looking at the impact of environmental measures on market access, the INTELLECTUAL property and biodiversity agreement, and environmental labelling. The 2001 Doha Ministerial Declaration, which launched the ongoing negotiations, strongly reaffirmed this mandate (see para. 6). Ministers also called on the Trade and Environment and Trade and Development Committees to serve as forums for identifying and assessing the environmental and development aspects of the negotiations in order to contribute to the achievement of the sustainable development objective (see paragraph 51). This is why sustainable development was a permanent item on the agenda of the Committee on Trade and the Environment (CTE). The Committee decided to look at the issue by sector and in 2003 the Secretariat informed it of developments in the following negotiating areas: agriculture WT/CTE/GEN/8, market access for non-agricultural products WT/CTE/GEN/9, WT/CTE/GEN/10 and WT/CTE/GEN/11 services. The Committee then considered the non-trade issues mentioned in the preamble to the Agriculture Convention; agricultural policy that distorts trade; Fishing subsidies; liberalisation of environmental goods and services; Classification of environmental services Regulatory issues related to services; Paragraph 51 of the Doha Declaration on Sustainable Development and Developing Countries; Coordination between the Trade and Environment and Trade and Development Committees, in accordance with point 51. It is the potential effects of economic growth and poverty reduction that make trade a powerful ally of sustainable development. The multilateral trading system is an important instrument for advancing international efforts to achieve this goal.
The objective of trade liberalization and the fundamental principle of non-discrimination are a more efficient allocation of resources, which should be positive for the environment. As early as 1992, the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNC) in Rio recognized the contribution that the multilateral trading system could make to sustainable development. At that time, the system was part of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which preceded the EIEGs. The Rio Declaration stated that an open, fair and non-discriminatory multilateral trading system should make a significant contribution to national and international efforts to improve the protection and conservation of environmental resources and promote sustainable development. In 2006, the secretariat brought together the latest environmental developments in the various negotiating groups: agriculture, non-agricultural market access, regulation, services, trade and the environment.